Constitution

CONSTITUTION of the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION for SOCIETY and NATURAL RESOURCES

Article 1: Name and Objectives

  1. The name of the organization shall be The International Association for Society and Natural Resources (SNR).
  2. The objectives of the Association are to: Foster the interdisciplinary social scientific understanding of the relationships between humans and natural resources; further the application of social science information in natural resource decision-making and provide a mechanism whereby social scientists, resource managers, practitioners, agency personnel, and decision makers can generate dialogue and useful exchange.
  3. SNR is organized exclusively for the purposes of science and education, and their practical applications.
  4. SNR is primarily an association of individual members.

Article 2: General Structure

1. The organization shall have the following statutory bodies:
(1) General Assembly
(2) Council
(3) Executive Officers.

Article 3: Membership

  1. Membership in the organization shall be open to fee-paying individuals who promote the objectives of the Association.
  2. There shall be two categories of membership:
    (1) Regular membership is open to all individuals who pay the current prescribed membership fees.
    (2) Student membership is available to all currently enrolled undergraduate and graduate students with documentation from Department Heads and who pay the current prescribed student membership fees.

Article 4: General Assembly

  1. The General Assembly, which is open to all members as defined in Article 3, shall meet every year, normally in conjunction with the Annual Meeting. The General Assembly may meet in special session if at least one-third of the members so request or the Council so decides.
  2. The place of the General Assembly shall be set by the Council and announced at least one year in advance. The date and time of the General Assembly shall be set by the Council at least 90 days in advance. The agenda shall be prepared by the Council or its designates.
  3. The General Assembly if called in accordance with other Articles shall be competent to make decisions which have not been delegated to other statutory bodies in accordance with provisions in this constitution.
  4. No two successive Annual Meetings shall be held in the same venue.

Article 5: Voting – General Assembly

  1. The voting membership shall comprise those individuals who are in good standing as indicated by their financial membership under Article 3.1 and 3.2(1) and 3.2(2) and have paid their annual dues.
  2. All decisions calling for votes except as noted elsewhere shall be taken by a simple majority. Whenever a vote is evenly divided, the vote of the Chairperson of the meeting shall be decisive.
  3. No proxies shall be accepted.

Article 6: Council

  1. The Council shall be broadly representative of the membership reflecting a balance of:
    (1) Disciplinary orientations in the social sciences;
    (2) Natural resource management fields; and
    (3) Professional practice.
  2. The Council will consist of nine members reflecting the balance noted in Article 6.1.
  3. Two candidates for each vacant Council position will be selected by the Nominating Committee. Election of council members will occur through a vote of all members of the General Assembly. The election shall be by secret postal ballot of the voting members.
  4. The term of membership shall be for a four-year period, starting from the end of one Annual Meeting and finishing at the end of the fifth Annual Meeting. The same individual may be reelected for a second term, but no member may serve more than two terms without an interval of at least one four-year term. The Treasurer shall determine the eligibility of nominees. About half of the members on Council will change each two years.
  5. The Council shall meet every year, normally in conjunction with the Annual Meeting. The Council may also be convened by the Chief Executive Officer as circumstances, resources and Association affairs may dictate.
  6. The Council shall be responsible for the functioning of the organization.
  7. The quorum for a meeting shall be five voting Council members. Meetings that are without quorum may propose resolutions that are to be voted upon by the next meeting that has a quorum of voting members.
  8. No proxies shall be accepted.
  9. All decisions of the Council shall be taken by a majority of the eligible votes. In the event of a tie, the Chairperson of the meeting shall cast the deciding vote.
  10. If a Council member resigns or can no longer serve, the remaining Council members shall elect a replacement to complete the remainder of the term. The replacement shall be selected so as to maintain the balance identified in 6.1.

Article 7: Executive Officers

  1. There shall be three Executive Officers – Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary. Each Executive Officer shall be elected for a term of four years. The election shall be by secret postal ballot of the voting members of the Council. The initially appointed Executive Officers shall be comprised of the three incorporating Trustees of SNR.
  2. The Chief Executive Officer is eligible for only one term. The Treasurer and Secretary may serve for two terms. Nominees for these positions will be drawn from individuals who currently serve on Council. The Council term of a member elected to an executive office with fewer than four years remaining in their term will be extended to coincide with their executive office term.
  3. The Chief Executive Officer shall be responsible for implementing the decisions of the Council, shall account for her/his actions on behalf of SNR to the Council, and shall seek Council approval for any emergency action taken between meetings of the Council.
  4. Should an Executive Officer position become vacant between elections, the Council shall elect a Council member to serve for the unexpired period.
  5. The Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary shall be official members of all bodies of SNR. One of them or a designate shall preside at all meetings of SNR.
  6. The Treasurer shall be charged with general and financial administration of SNR and shall receive instructions from the Council and/or through the Chief Executive Officer. The Treasurer shall be accountable for her/his actions to the Council.
  7. The Secretary shall be charged with recording the minutes of all Council meetings, General Assembly Meetings, and meetings of other standing and ad hoc committees of SNR. The Secretary shall be responsible for all Council and SNR communications. The Secretary shall keep the records of SNR.

Article 8: Finance

  1. 1. SNR shall be financed by:
    (1) Member subscriptions
    (2) The annual meeting
    (3) Sale of SNR publications
    (4) Donations; and
    (5) Other lawful means.
  2. Members of the Council shall serve in an honorary capacity.
  3. The Council shall decide reimbursement for any reasonable expenses incurred by Executive Officers, Council, or other members who carry out work for SNR.
  4. The SNR is a non-profit organization — any profits or capital shall be used solely in accordance with the provisions of Article 1 of the Constitution.
  5. Sponsoring member organizations shall be called upon to support and underwrite the establishment and successful functioning of SNR. All matters pertinent to SNR’s programs, annual meetings, balloting, etc., shall be included in notifications to sponsoring organizations.
  6. Membership dues shall be established by the Council as detailed in the by-laws.

Article 9: By-Laws and Regulations

  1. Any subjects under the provisions of the constitution calling for more detailed rules shall be set forth by By-laws and regulations. Such rules shall be decided upon by the Council and must not be at variance with the Constitution.
  2. Proposed amendments to the By-laws and regulations may be initiated by members of the Council or through a petition signed by no less than five percent of the General Assembly. Such amendments must be approved by the Council.
  3. By-laws and regulations approved by the Council may be considered valid until such time as they are duly ratified or rejected by the next General Assembly. The Council must fully advertise proposed amendments for all members 90 days in advance of General Assembly meetings.

Article 10: Standing and Ad Hoc Committees

  1. The Council may establish such Standing and Ad Hoc Committees as may be deemed necessary for the effective functioning of SNR. An Ad Hoc Congress Committee and Local Arrangements Committee shall be appointed by the Council each year prior to an annual meeting. Members on Standing or Ad Hoc Committees can be drawn from Council or the membership at large.
  2. The Nominating Committee shall be responsible for selecting candidates for Council positions who will stand for election by secret postal ballot. Council will appoint six members, three from Council and three from the General Assembly, to the Nominating Committee representing the balance identified in 6.1.

Article 11: Amendments and Dissolution

  1. The Constitution may be amended or SNR dissolved by a two-thirds majority of the individual members present at a General Assembly. Amendments or a proposal to dissolve must be advertised to all members six months in advance of General Assembly meetings. Such notification must contain the full written text of the amendment being proposed. Such dissolutions would be valid only if at least three-fourths of all voting members of SNR take part in a voting procedure. Should this latter requirement not be fulfilled, a postal ballot shall be sent to all voting members within three months and a two-thirds majority of those voting shall be sufficient for the dissolution of the SNR.
  2. A resolution to dissolve SNR shall name those persons who will be charged with the liquidation of the SNR’s assets and properties. Such assets and properties shall be used for the public benefit in accordance with the provisions of Article 1 of the Constitution.

Article 12: Incorporation/Organization

  1. SNR is organized exclusively for educational and scientific purposes, including for such purpose, the making of distributions to organizations under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or the corresponding section of any future Federal tax code) of the United States of America.
  2. No part of the net earnings of SNR shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to its members, trustees, directors, officers or other private persons, except that SNR shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of Section 501(c)(3) of the United States of America Internal Revenue Code purposes. No substantial part of the activities of SNR shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and SNR shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office.
  3. Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, SNR shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation/organization exempt from Federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or corresponding section of any future Federal tax code) or (b) by a corporation/organization, contributions to which are deductible under section 170(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code (or corresponding section of any future Federal tax code) of the United States of America.
  4. Upon the dissolution of SNR, assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of the United States of America, or corresponding section of any future Federal tax code, or shall be distributed to the Federal government or to a state or local government for a public purpose.

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BY-LAWS of the INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION for SOCIETY and NATURAL RESOURCES
Article 1 – Establishment

The International Association for Society and Natural Resources (SNR) was established in 2001.

Article 2 – Purposes

The purposes of SNR are to: Foster the interdisciplinary social scientific understanding of the relationships between humans and natural resources; further the application of social science information in natural resource decision-making and provide a mechanism whereby social scientists, resource managers, practitioners, agency personnel, and decision makers can generate dialogue and useful exchange.

Article 3 – Classes of Membership

Membership in the organization shall be open to fee-paying individuals who promote the objectives of the Association. There shall be two categories of membership: Regular membership is open to all individuals who pay the current prescribed membership fees. Student membership is available to all currently enrolled undergraduate and graduate students with documentation from Department Heads and who pay the current prescribed student membership fees.

Article 4 – Organizational Administration

SNR will have three statutory bodies: (1) General Assembly; (2) Council; and (3) Executive Officers. The General Assembly, which is open to all members as defined in Article 3, shall meet every year, normally in conjunction with the Annual Meeting. The General Assembly may meet in special session if at least one-third of the members so request or the Council so decides.

The Council shall be broadly representative of the membership reflecting a balance of:
(1) Disciplinary orientations in the social sciences;
(2) Natural resource management fields; and
(3) Professional practice.

The Nominating Committee shall be responsible for selecting candidates for Council positions who will stand for election by secret postal ballot. Council will appoint six members, three from Council and three from the General Assembly, to the Nominating Committee representing the balance identified in the SNR Constitution, Article 6.1.

The term of membership shall be for a four-year period, starting from the end of one Annual Meeting and finishing at the end of the fifth Annual Meeting. The same individual may be reelected for a second term, but no member may serve more than two terms without an interval of at least one four-year term. The Treasurer shall determine the eligibility of nominees. About half of the members on Council will change each two years. The first Council shall be appointed by the Trustees and shall consist of five members serving two-year terms and four members serving four-year terms. Elections will be held at two-year intervals thereafter.

The Council shall meet every year, normally in conjunction with the Annual Meeting. The Council may also be convened by the Chief Executive Officer as circumstances, resources and Association affairs may dictate. The Council shall be responsible for the functioning of the organization. The quorum for a meeting shall be five voting Council members. Meetings that are without quorum may propose resolutions that are to be voted upon by the next meeting that has a quorum of voting members. No proxies shall be accepted. All decisions of the Council shall be taken by a majority of the eligible votes. In the event of a tie, the Chairperson of the meeting shall cast the deciding vote. If a Council member resigns or can no longer serve, the remaining Council members shall elect a replacement to complete the remainder of the term. The *replacement shall be selected so as to maintain the balance identified in the SNR Constitution, Article 6.1.

Article 5 – Executive Officers

There shall be three Executive Officers – Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary. Each Executive Officer shall be elected for a term of four years. The election shall be by secret postal ballot of the voting members of the Council. The Chief Executive Officer is eligible for only one term. The Treasurer and Secretary may serve for two terms. Nominees for these positions will be drawn from individuals who currently serve on Council. The Chief Executive Officer shall be responsible for implementing the decisions of the Council, shall account for her/his actions on behalf of SNR to the Council, and shall seek Council approval for any emergency action taken between meetings of the Council. Should an Executive Officer position become vacant between elections, the Council shall elect a Council member to serve for the unexpired period. The Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary shall be official members of all bodies of SNR. One of them or a designate shall preside at all meetings of SNR. The Treasurer shall be charged with general and financial administration of SNR and shall receive instructions from the Council and/or through the Chief Executive Officer. The Treasurer shall be accountable for her/his actions to the Council. The Secretary shall be charged with recording the minutes of all Council meetings, General Assembly Meetings, and meetings of other standing and ad hoc committees of SNR. The Secretary shall be responsible for all Council and SNR communications. The Secretary shall keep the records of SNR.

Article 6 – Meetings

SNR shall sponsor an annual meeting. Other meetings of the Council shall be called by the Secretary whenever requested to do so by Council or Chief Executive Officer. Such special meetings shall be held at the time specified in the notice of the meeting. All meetings of the Council shall be held at a convenient place as determined by the Chief Executive Officer, normally to coincide with the annual meeting.

Article 7 – SNR Fiscal Year

The SNR fiscal year will be from January 1 to December 31.

Article 8 – Provisions for Amending the By-Laws

Proposed amendments to the By-laws and regulations may be initiated by members of the Council or through a petition signed by no less than five percent of the General Assembly. Such amendments must be approved by the Council. By-laws and regulations approved by the Council may be considered valid until such time as they are duly ratified or rejected by the next General Assembly. The Council must fully advertise proposed amendments for all members six months in advance of General Assembly meetings. This provision safeguards the legal validity of SNR to respond and comply with requirements for its functioning in reference to its purpose as set forth in Article 1 and its operating as a non-profit organization.